About the maximum entropy principle in non equilibrium statistical mechanics
- Gennaro Auletta (University of Cassino)
- Lamberto Rondoni (Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche and Graphene@Polito Lab)
- Angelo Vulpiani (Università di Roma Sapienza)
The maximum entropy principle (MEP) apparently allows us to derive, or justify, fundamental results of equilibrium statistical mechanics. Because of this, a school of thought considers the MEP as a powerful and elegant way to make predictions in physics and other disciplines, which constitutes an alternative and more general method than the traditional ones of statistical mechanics. Actually, careful inspection shows that such a success is due to a series of fortunate facts that characterize the physics of equilibrium systems, but which are absent in situations not described by Hamiltonian dynamics, or generically in nonequilibrium phenomena. Here we discuss several important examples in non equilibrium statistical mechanics, in which the MEP leads to incorrect predictions, proving that it does not have a predictive nature. We conclude that, in these paradigmatic examples, the «traditional» methods based on a detailed analysis of the relevant dynamics cannot be avoided.
Keywords :Statistical inference; turbulence; dissipation; fluctuation relations
Topic :Mechanical Engineering
Publication date : 2015-11-16